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New Zealand Youngest Country


New Zealand Youngest Country

New Zealand Youngest Country

New Zealand is known as the “youngest country on earth” since it was the last one to be colonized by the human race at the farthest end of the land chain relative to the Old World some eight hundred years ago.

There is no definite data on when this country was first inhabited by humans or precisely where they came from.


Dates of arrival are from 1200 to 1000 AD and the geographical origin is located in a triangle which includes Tonga, Hawaii, and Tahiti.


Historians, however, are in complete agreement that Polynesians were the first people to colonize New Zealand.


The Maori, the first people of the country to come in contact with Europeans, have traditional stories of a time when their ancestors migrated from their homeland known as "Hawaiki" following an investigative visit to the islands by Kupe, an ancestor.


Archeology and research from the late twentieth century has mostly discarded this idea. The experts suggest that there occurred a succession of migrations over a long period of time from different Polynesian regions. The classic culture of the Maori has firm kinships with the Society Islands.
The primary groups of Polynesian to arrive in New Zealand were wiped out and absorbed by tribes that came later. These were the ones with the oral tradition regarding the mass canoe immigration. They joined together and are now known to be the Maori. Findings in the South Islands have recognized the existence of the kiore or native Polynesian rat as having been on the islands only after circa 1200 AD. There are no other indigenous land mammals in New Zealand aside from a species of bats and the tuatara, an ancient lizard linked with dinosaurs.


The tuatara is actually sometimes referred to as "the living dinosaur." The only other animals living on land were birds.

The existence of the kiore, consumed by the Maori as a delicacy, proves explicitly the presence of humans from this era since the kiore can only have arrived from across the seas.

The latest finding of weather-beaten artifacts, together with the remnants of an ancient cloak of woven fabric, the most ancient human objects discovered in New Zealand, on the east coast of the South Island on the Kaitorere Spit are believed to be circa 1200 AD.

Diet patterns have been established by stratigraphy among the ancient people of New Zealanders. Dunghills started in the twelfth century with big bones of moa, ranging down all the way through the species through the years to really small birds.


Until contact with Europeans seal, fish, and shellfish carcasses dominated the midden.

Youngest Country NZ

In the period of the Classic Maori, kure or Polynesian dog bones from oversea were also found, even though this species is now wiped out as a determinable New Zealand species.

A sweet potato called kumara is a staple of the culture and diet of the Classic Maori. Interestingly, the kumara is indigenous to South America. This hints that some kind of contact may have occurred with the coast of South American before the island hopping Polynesians journeyed to New Zealand’s north.



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