It was in 1975 that Radio New
Zealand first started. Prior to this event, the NZBC
or the New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation provided
radio services, and, prior to 1962, the NZBS or New
Zealand Broadcasting Service. It became a part of
the BCNZ (Broadcasting Corporation of New Zealand)
Succeeding the 1988 dissolution of the Broadcasting
Corporation of New Zealand, the RNZ became an
autonomous government owned enterprise together with
TNV (Television New Zealand). The RNZC (Radio New
Zealand Commercial) networks were privatized in
The NZPR (New Zealand Public Radio) which is
non-commercial was then known merely as the RNZ or
Radio New Zealand.
also ended in the removal of the RNZ (both its remaining
public radio arm and former commercial arm) from the 1986
State-Owned Enterprises Act and it being created an entity
of the Crown.
Currently, the RNZ is a Crown Entity, ruled by the 1995
Radio New Zealand Act (1995 No. 52 which was amended in
2004), oftentimes occasionally known as the Broadcasting Act
of 1995, and both Schedule A and Section 60 of the 2002
Civil Defense Emergency Management Act (No. 30 2002).
NZ On Air completely funds Radio New Zealand.
Radio New Zealand owns 2 major
national networks, the RNZC (Radio New Zealand
Concert), which is devoted to jazz and classical
music and RNZN (Radio New Zealand National), which
imparts news, current events, and arts. The AM
Network, which is the RNZ's third network, is leased
out when it is not broadcasting debates in the House
of Parliament to a private Christian broadcaster.
The RNZN broadcasts in FM and AM thru single
terrestrial transmitters established all over New
Zealand, and also from the Optus satellite.
The AM Network of Radio New Zealand broadcasts all
hearings of Parliament from transmitters in
Hamilton, Auckland, Tauranga, Wellington, Napier,
Christchurch, Invercargill, and Dunedin. RNZ
broadcasts are a significant part of the country’s
process of democracy.
During times when there are no sittings in Parliament, the
transmitters bring the programs of the Southern Star from
the Rhema Broadcasting Group.
RNZ International broadcasts on DRM and shortwave to
neighboring nations in the Pacific from transmitters
positioned in the North Island near Taupo at Rangitaiki.
There is also a replay through World Radio Network and an
internet live stream.
Sound Archives is a none profit entity, owned completely by
Radio New Zealand. Sound Archives is funded separately by
the NZ On Air or Broadcasting Commission to function as an
archive for national radio broadcasts.
It was organized in 1998 by the merger of 2 separate RNZ
units: the one located in Christchurch called the general
archive collection, and the one in Auckland called the Maori
program archive. These 2 units currently share common
administration and have assumed uniform practices and
The heart of the archives is made up of the historical
collection of Radio New Zealand, which dates from 1956 as an
autonomous entity. This is made up of fourteen thousand
lacquer discs, twenty thousand open reel tapes, ten thousand
digital and analogue tape cassettes and a big collection of
substantiating documentation, photographs, and artifacts.