Welcome to New Zealand






New Zealand Politics


New Zealand Politics

New Zealand Politics

New Zealand politics occurs in a fabric of a parliamentary representative democratic monarchy.

The basic organization is closely modeled after that of the Westminster System, even though a number of substantial modifications have been executed.

Queen Elizabeth II is the head of state although real government is led by a Prime Minister and Cabinet created from a Parliament which had been elected.

There is no written or formal constitution in New Zealand.


The framework of the constitution is made up of a mixture of several written documents (as well as certain acts of the New Zealand Parliaments and the United Kingdom), constitutional conventions and the Treaty of Waitangi.


Most provisions of the constitution became amalgamated into the 1986 Constitution Act. At times there have been suggestions of a written constitution, but no serious action has been made to make one.


The head of state of New Zealand is the Queen of New Zealand, who is presently Elizabeth II. The monarchy of New Zealand has been separate from the monarchy of Britain since the 1953 New Zealand Royal Titles Act, and all the official business of Elizabeth II in New Zealand is carried out in the Queen of New Zealand’s name, not that of the United Kingdom’s Queen. In reality, the roles of the monarchy are carried out by a Governor General, charged by the monarch on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. In Letters Patent, which regulates the Governor General’s office and which are awarded by the Queen on the proposal of the Prime Minister, when there is a void in the Governor General’s office, many of the responsibilities of the said office are carried out by a steward, called the Administrator of the Government.


The powers of the Governor-General are mostly symbolic and ceremonial in nature. Formally, the Governor-General has the power to name and terminate Prime Ministers and get rid of Parliament. It also formally ratifies legislation into legislation after submitted by Parliament.

 The Governor General presides over the Executive Council, which is a conventional committee comprising of all the Crown’s ministers. The Executive Council’s members are necessitated to be Parliament Members, and a majority are also in the Cabinet.

The most senior body for policy making is the Cabinet and is headed by the Prime Minister, who is at the same time, by rule, the leader of the Parliament of the ruling party or coalition. The Cabinet of New Zealand answers to the Parliament of New Zealand. All Ministers of Cabinet must be Parliament Members and are jointly responsible for it.

NZ Politics

The main legislative body of New Zealand is a Parliament which is unicameral recognized as the House of Representatives. As of 1996, New Zealand has utilized the MMP (mixed member proportional) electoral system, under which each Member of Parliament is either voter elected in a single-member electorate through first past the post or nominated from party lists.

Ordinarily, the parliament is one hundred twenty members large, nevertheless this can sometimes change due to underhangs and overhangs.



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