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New Zealand Kids


New Zealand Kids

New Zealand Kids

For nearly all children, the family furnishes the context inside which they are raised and learn to socialize. It also possibly has a major impact on chances in life in terms of health, education, and their future status both socially and economically.

The make-up of families in New Zealand is altering and there are a increasing number of de facto-couple and sole-parent families.

Even though a little over three-quarters of the children of New Zealand live in families with two parents, changing conventions of family formation,


reformation and dissolution have encouraged a growing diversity of types of families. Particularly, the population of families with sole-parents has increased rapidly in recent years.
This change has important significances for the children’s welfare, particular that single parents are more likely to be disfavored with respect to income, employment, housing, and education when likened to parents with partners.

The quickest growing children’s groups of families with sole-parents are those with never been married parents.


These children, in 1996, make up 44% of all children in families with sole-parents, with an increase of approximately 10% since 1991.


This growth involves those children with sole-parents who were antecedently in a relationship.


The statistics of the Department of Social Welfare show that 1 out of 5 sole-parents being paid the benefit of domestic purposes in 1996 were separated from their actual (de facto) partner, and that 68% of all sole-parents antecedently had partners, either de facto or married.


It is more possible that Maori children (and to a certain degree children of the Pacific Islands) live with just one parent when compared with children from other minority groups. In 1996, about 41% of Maori children grew up families with sole-parents. This equates with 29% of children from the Pacific Island children, 17% of children of European descent, and 12% of children of Asian heritage.


The majority of children who are living families with sole-parents are with their mother. Only 1 child out of 8 in a sole-parent family has their home with their father in 1996. Likened with children in families with two parents, those in families with sole-parents were two times more likely to have a mother under the age of 30.

Another type of family that has become increasingly common in New Zealand in later years is the family with de facto-couples. Even though most kids who live in families with two parents are the off-springs of married parents (over 80%) there has been an growth in the number of kids whose parents are in de facto relationships.


These are unions where two people live together without that legality of marriage.

There was an increase in the proportion of kids from families with two parents who are in de facto relationships raised from 9% to 14% in the period from 1991 to 1996. The quickest increase was among kids of European heritage, where the increase in proportion was from 7% to 10%.

Nevertheless, the children of the Maori are more likely by as much as 3 times when compared with European kids to belong to a family of de facto-couples.



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