New Zealand independence has been
a subject of continued social and academic debate.
There is no specific date for New Zealand
The independence of the country came
about as an effect of the evolving status of New
New Zealand developed as one of the dominions of
Such countries decreed to be within the British
Empire slowly but surely established increasingly
greater levels of independence.
They were, at all times, irregular in global terms, and the
effort to establish a specific date of independence in the
same that one can be defined for a majority of former
colonies is not actually meaningful. Such is also the case
with neighboring Australia.
Nevertheless, a deliberation of possible dates can aid in
the comprehension of the course of change.
The factors behind the autonomy of New Zealand started even
before the country turned into a colony of Britain in 1841.
In the 1830s, there had been occurrences of unremarkable
uprisings in Canada, and so as to avoid making the blunders
which had culminated in the revolution in America, Lord
Durham was enlisted to make an account on the state of
colonies which included a considerable population of the
The Durham Report was the first to write down the
principles of independence within the domain which
had been first put into effect in 1848 in Nova
The colonies in New Zealand, Canada, and
Australia followed suit soon afterwards.
The 1852 Constitution of New Zealand was passed by
the British Parliament to allow the settlers of the
colony the right to independence, just twelve years,
(a year later), after the establishment of the
Therefore, to all intents and purposes, New
Zealand had already been in domestic matters
self-governing from its earliest period as a colony
In 1919, the initial big step towards becoming its own
country on the global stage came when New Zealand was
awarded a seat in the League of Nations, which had then been
just newly formed.
The Balfour Declaration in 1926 proclaimed the
dominions of Britain as status equals, followed by
the formation of the lawful basis of independence,
recognized by the 1931 Statute of Westminster which
was created mainly because of a request of
separatist elements in the Irish Free State and
Nevertheless, New Zealand, Newfoundland, and
Australia were unreceptive of this change, and it
was not until 1947 that the decree was enforced in
Without taking into account any developments which
were legal, many New Zealanders up until as late as
the 1970s still considered themselves as a
distinctive remote branch of the British realm.
In 1973, this stance started to change with the joining of
the United Kingdom in the European community and did away
with its privileged agreements of trade with New Zealand,and little by little changes in society and nationality
additionally eroded the affiliation. This is why New Zealand
has no specific date of legal independence. There does not
exist, even today, an idea of a national Independence Day in